duct_leakage_testing_setupTo perform a proper duct leakage test using an ORIFLOW duct leakage tester, perform the following
steps:

  • Use the orifice plate with the recommended leakage range for your job. Use our online
    program to help determine which plate(s) you can use with our testers.
  • Make sure you have adequate electrical power for the fan. DO NOT OVERLOAD extension
    cords. Make sure you use one with the proper gauge.
  • Cover all outlets with plastic bags and seal with duct tape.
  • Allow all joints and seams that were sealed with duct sealer to cure for at least 24 hours or the
    required cure time by the manufacturer, whichever is greater.
  • If possible, position the ORIFLOW duct leakage tester in a location where there will be a
    straight path from the orifice tube outlet to the location where you will feed air into the system.
  • Drill a 3/8″ diameter hole no closer than two or three feet away from the flexible duct to system
    joint.
  • Place the pressure tubing into the previously drilled hole; extend 6 to 12 inches into the duct.
  • Seal the tubing penetration joint with putty or tape.
  • Zero both gauges. Locate adjusting screw on center front of gauge. Use a small slotted
    screwdriver. Turning clockwise increases the pressure reading, counter-clockwise decreases
    it.
  • Close the fan’s inlet damper so the duct system does not get overpressurized by the tester.
  • Turn on the tester blower.
  • Adjust inlet damper until the reading on the gauge marked “Duct System” is at the system
    pressure required for performing the leakage test.
  • Once the duct system pressure has been reached and stabilized, note the reading on the
    gauge marked “Orifice Tube”. This pressure drop reading will correspond to the amount of air
    you’re feeding into the duct system, which is the amount of air that is leaking out.
  • Refer to the calibration table that came with your test rig. Find the pressure reading and note
    the corresponding leakage rate.

Troubleshooting:

If the “Orifice Tube” gauge exceeds the maximum range, the system is probably leaking too much air.
Investigate system for missed outlets or unsealed joints. You can also use a larger orifice or a gauge
with a larger range

If you cannot obtain any pressure (or very little pressure) with the blower on and the inlet damper wide
open, it could be due to one of the following problems:

  • Using too small of an orifice plate
    If pressure drop across orifice plate is more than 2 in.wg., use the next greater sized
    orifice plate. Use our online program to determine which orifice plate you should use
    based on the maximum allowable leakage. You can also refer to graphs for each
    tester/plate combination.
  • System has more leakage at test pressure than is allowed
    When using the Cobra or Lynx tester, use the 4-inch plate to pressurize your system
    and refer to the following table to determine if your system is leaking more than the
    maximum capacity of the tester.

Maximum Leakage Capacity (cfm)*

Model

1 in.wg.

2 in.wg.

4 in.wg.

6 in.wg.

8 in.wg.

10 in.wg.

12 in.wg.

14 in.wg.

16 in.wg.

Lynx

550 cfm

540 cfm

455 cfm

230 cfm






Cobra

655 cfm

645 cfm

600 cfm

465 cfm

200 cfm





Panther

1350 cfm

1320 cfm

1210 cfm

1065 cfm

875 cfm

615 cfm

270 cfm



Rhino

1630 cfm

1550 cfm

1420 cfm

1330 cfm

1185 cfm

1035 cfm

895 cfm

660 cfm

480 cfm

* – Using the largest size orifice plate. Note each tester comes with one plate. Other orifice plate sizes are available for accurate testing
of different flow ranges. Use smaller orifices for smaller flow ranges; largest orifice for maximum flow range.

Also check your flex-duct connections Wrap duct tape tightly around the joint and feel
for leaks. Rectangular duct joint corners can be typical leaky points. If fire damper
and/or heater coils are part of the system you are testing, they also can be significant
leak contributors. A smoke machine may be used to help locate leaks; contact us for
more information.

  • Equipment not working properly
    Make sure the equipment is working properly by doing the following steps:

    • turn off blower.
    • observe blower wheel rotation direction when it slows down (view from looking
    • through inlet safety screen); it should be rotating clockwise (if not, contact us).
    • completely close inlet damper.
    • disconnect the flex-duct from the tester.
    • turn on blower.
    • Slowly open inlet damper and verify that you can feel air coming out of the orifice
    • tube.
    • the orifice tube gauge pressure drop reading should be maxed out.
    • you can verify gauges are working properly by removing pressure tubing and
    • carefully apply pressure by gently blowing into tube end as if trying to inflate a
    • balloon.

leaktestsetup